|United States Senator|
December 2, 1994 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Harlan Mathews|
|Succeeded by||Lamar Alexander|
|Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee|
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
|Preceded by||Joe Lieberman|
|Succeeded by||Joe Lieberman|
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Ted Stevens|
|Succeeded by||Joe Lieberman|
Freddie Dalton Thompson
August 19, 1942
Sheffield, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||November 1, 2015 (aged 73)|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
(m. 1959; div. 1985)
|Education||University of Memphis (BA)|
Vanderbilt University (JD)
Freddie Dalton Thompson (August 19, 1942 – November 1, 2015) was an American politician, attorney, lobbyist, columnist, actor, and radio personality. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1994 to 2003; Thompson was an unsuccessful candidate in the Republican Party presidential primaries for the 2008 United States presidential election.
He also chaired the International Security Advisory Board at the U.S. Department of State, was a member of the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, as well as a visiting fellow with the American Enterprise Institute, specializing in national security and intelligence.
As an actor, usually credited as Fred Dalton Thompson, he appeared in a number of movies and television shows including Matlock, The Hunt for Red October, Die Hard 2, In the Line of Fire, Days of Thunder, and Cape Fear, as well as in commercials. He frequently portrayed governmental authority figures and military men. In the final months of his U.S. Senate term in 2002, Thompson joined the cast of the NBC television series Law & Order, starring as Manhattan District Attorney Arthur Branch.
Thompson was born at Helen Keller Memorial Hospital in Sheffield, Alabama, on August 19, 1942, the son of Ruth Inez (née Bradley) and Fletcher Session Thompson (born Lauderdale County, Alabama, August 26, 1919, died Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, May 27, 1990), who was an automobile salesman. Thompson had English and distant Dutch ancestry. He attended public school in Lawrenceburg, graduating from Lawrence County High School in 1960, where he played high-school football. Thereafter, he worked days in the local post office, and nights at the Murray bicycle assembly plant.
Thompson was raised in the Churches of Christ. According to Thompson, his values came from "sitting around the kitchen table" with his parents, and from the Church of Christ. While talking to reporters in South Carolina, Thompson said, "I attend church when I'm in Tennessee. I'm [living] in McLean right now. I don't attend regularly when I'm up there." Later on, in his adulthood, Thompson occasionally attended Vienna Presbyterian Church in Vienna, Virginia. He did not speak much about his religion during his 2008 presidential campaign, saying, "Me getting up and talking about what a wonderful person I am and that sort of thing, I'm not comfortable with that, and I don't think it does me any good."
In September 1959, at the age of 17, Thompson married Sarah Elizabeth Lindsey. Their son, Freddie Dalton "Tony" Thompson Jr., was born in April 1960. Their son Daniel and daughter Elizabeth were born soon thereafter.
Thompson attended Florence State College (now the University of North Alabama), becoming the first member of his family to attend college. He later transferred to Memphis State University (now the University of Memphis), where he earned a double degree in philosophy and political science in 1964. He then received a scholarship to study law at the Vanderbilt University Law School, graduating with a Juris Doctor degree in 1967. While Thompson was attending law school, he and his wife both worked to pay for his education and support their three children. Thompson and his first wife would divorce in 1985.
Career as an attorney
Thompson was admitted to the state bar of Tennessee in 1967. At that time, he shortened his first name from Freddie to Fred. He worked as an assistant U.S. attorney from 1969 to 1972, successfully prosecuting bank robberies and other cases. Thompson was the campaign manager for Republican U.S. Senator Howard Baker's re-election campaign in 1972, and was minority counsel to the Senate Watergate Committee in its investigation of the Watergate scandal (1973–1974).
In the 1980s, Thompson worked as an attorney, with law offices in Nashville and Washington, DC, handling personal injury claims and defending people accused of white collar crimes. He also accepted appointments as special counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (1980–1981), special counsel to the Senate Intelligence Committee (1982), and member of the Appellate Court Nominating Commission for the State of Tennessee (1985–1987).
His clients included a German mining group and Japan's Toyota Motors Corporation. Thompson served on various corporate boards. He also did legal work and served on the board of directors for engineering firm Stone & Webster.
Role in Watergate hearings
In 1973, Thompson was appointed minority counsel to assist the Republican senators on the Senate Watergate Committee, a special committee convened by the U.S. Senate to investigate the Watergate scandal. Thompson was sometimes credited for supplying Republican Senator Howard Baker's famous question, "What did the President know, and when did he know it?" This question is said to have helped frame the hearings in a way that eventually led to the downfall of President Richard Nixon. The question remains popular and is often invoked by pundits commenting on political scandals.
A Republican staff member, Donald Sanders, found out about the White House tapes and informed the committee on July 13, 1973. Thompson was informed of the existence of the tapes, and he, in turn, informed Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt. "Even though I had no authority to act for the committee, I decided to call Fred Buzhardt at home," Thompson later wrote, "I wanted to be sure that the White House was fully aware of what was to be disclosed so that it could take appropriate action."
Three days after Sanders's discovery, at a public, televised committee hearing, Thompson asked former White House aide Alexander Butterfield the famous question, "Mr. Butterfield, were you aware of the installation of any listening devices in the Oval Office of the President?" thereby publicly revealing the existence of tape recordings of conversations within the White House. National Public Radio later called that session and the discovery of the Watergate tapes "a turning point in the investigation."
Thompson's appointment as minority counsel to the Senate Watergate committee reportedly upset Nixon, who believed Thompson was not skilled enough to interrogate unfriendly witnesses and would be outfoxed by the committee Democrats. According to historian Stanley Kutler, however, Thompson and Baker "carried water for the White House, but I have to give them credit—they were watching out for their interests, too ... They weren't going to mindlessly go down the tubes [for Nixon]."
Journalist Scott Armstrong, a Democratic investigator for the Senate Watergate Committee, is critical of Thompson for having disclosed the committee's knowledge of the tapes to Buzhardt during an ongoing investigation, and says Thompson was "a mole for the White House" and that Thompson's actions gave the White House a chance to destroy the tapes. Thompson's 1975 book At That Point in Time, in turn, accused Armstrong of having been too close to The Washington Post's Bob Woodward and of leaking committee information to him. In response to renewed interest in this matter, in 2007 during his presidential campaign, Thompson said, "I'm glad all of this has finally caused someone to read my Watergate book, even though it's taken them over 30 years."
Corruption case against Tennessee governor
In 1977, Thompson represented Marie Ragghianti, a former Tennessee Parole Board chair, who had been fired for refusing to release felons after they had bribed aides to Democratic Governor Ray Blanton to obtain clemency. With Thompson's assistance, Ragghianti filed a wrongful termination suit against Blanton's office. During the trial, Thompson helped expose the cash-for-clemency scheme that eventually led to Blanton's removal from office. In July 1978, a jury awarded Ragghianti $38,000 ($139,165.09 in 2016 dollars) in back pay and ordered her reinstatement.
Career as a lobbyist
Thompson earned about $1 million in total from his lobbying efforts. Except for the year 1981, his lobbying never amounted to more than one-third of his income. According to the Memphis Commercial Appeal:
Fred Thompson earned about half a million dollars from Washington lobbying from 1975 through 1993 ... Lobbyist disclosure records show Thompson had six lobbying clients: Westinghouse, two cable television companies, the Tennessee Savings and Loan League, the Teamsters Union's Central States Pension Fund, and a Baltimore-based business coalition that lobbied for federal grants.
Thompson lobbied Congress on behalf of the Tennessee Savings and Loan League to pass the Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982, which deregulated the savings and loan industry. A large congressional majority and President Ronald Reagan supported the act, but it was said to be a factor that led to the savings and loan crisis. Thompson received $1,600 for communicating with some congressional staffers on this issue.
When Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overthrown in 1991, Thompson made a telephone call to White House Chief of Staff John H. Sununu advocating restoration of Aristide's government, but said that was as a private citizen, not on a paid basis on Aristide's behalf.
Billing records show that Thompson was paid for about 20 hours of work in 1991 and 1992 on behalf of the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association, a family planning group trying to ease a George H. W. Bush administration regulation on abortion counseling in federally funded clinics.
After Thompson was elected to the Senate, two of his sons followed him into the lobbying business, but generally avoided clients where a possible conflict of interest might appear. When he left the Senate, some of his political action committee's fees went to the lobbying firm of one of his sons.
Initial acting career
Marie Ragghianti's case became the subject of a book, Marie, written by Peter Maas and published in 1983. The film rights were purchased by director Roger Donaldson, who, after traveling to Nashville to speak with the people involved with the original case, asked Thompson if he wanted to play himself. The resulting film, Marie, was Thompson's first acting role and was released in 1985. Roger Donaldson then cast Thompson in the part of CIA director Marshall in the 1987 film No Way Out. He played the head of FBI special-agent training in the 1988 comedy Feds; in the trailer, the FBI disclaimed any connection with the film. In 1990, he was cast as Ed Trudeau, the head of Dulles Airport, in the action sequel Die Hard 2, as Rear Admiral Painter in The Hunt for Red October, and as Big John, the President of NASCAR, in the movie Days of Thunder (patterned on Big Bill France). Thompson went on to appear in many films and television shows. A 1994 New York Times profile wrote, "When Hollywood directors need someone who can personify governmental power, they often turn to him." He portrayed a fictional President of the United States in Last Best Chance, as well as two historical presidents: Ulysses S. Grant in Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (2007) and the voice of Andrew Jackson in Rachel and Andrew Jackson: A Love Story (both produced for TV). He also appeared on the television sitcom Roseanne.
United States Senate tenure
In 1994, Thompson was elected to finish the remaining two years of Al Gore's unexpired U.S. Senate term. During the 1994 campaign, Thompson's opponent was longtime Nashville Congressman Jim Cooper. Thompson campaigned in a red pickup truck, and Cooper charged Thompson "is a lobbyist and actor who talks about lower taxes, talks about change, while he drives a rented stage prop." In a good year for Republican candidates, Thompson defeated Cooper in a landslide, overcoming Cooper's early 20% lead in the polls to defeat him by an even greater margin. On the same night Thompson was elected to fill Gore's unexpired term, political newcomer Bill Frist, a Nashville heart surgeon, defeated three-term incumbent Democrat Jim Sasser, the chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, for Tennessee's other Senate seat, which was up for a full six-year term. The twin victories by Thompson and Frist gave Republicans control of both of Tennessee's Senate seats for the first time since Sasser ousted incumbent Bill Brock in 1976.
In 1996, Thompson was reelected (for the term ending January 3, 2003) with 61% of the vote, defeating Democratic attorney Houston Gordon of Covington, Tennessee, even as Bill Clinton and running mate Al Gore narrowly carried the state by less than three percentage points on their way to re-election. During this campaign, Mike Long served as Thompson's chief speechwriter.
In 1996, Thompson was a member of the Committee on Governmental Affairs when the committee investigated the alleged Chinese attempts to influence American politics. Thompson says he was "largely stymied" during these investigations by witnesses declining to testify, claiming the right not to incriminate themselves or by simply leaving the country. Thompson explained, "Our work was affected tremendously by the fact that Congress is a much more partisan institution than it used to be."
Thompson became committee chairman in 1997, but was reduced to ranking minority member when the Democrats took control of the Senate in 2001. Thompson served on the Finance Committee (dealing with health care, trade, Social Security, and taxation), the Intelligence Committee, and the National Security Working Group.
Thompson's work included investigation of the "Umm Hajul controversy" which involved the death of Tennessean Lance Fielder during the Gulf War. During his term, he supported campaign finance reform, opposed proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and promoted government efficiency and accountability. During the 1996 presidential debates, he also served as a Clinton stand-in to help prepare Bob Dole.
On February 12, 1999, the Senate voted on the Clinton impeachment. The perjury charge was defeated with 45 votes for conviction, and 55, including Thompson, against. The obstruction of justice charge was defeated with 50, including Thompson, for conviction, and 50 against. Conviction on impeachment charges requires the affirmative votes of 67 senators.
Campaign co-chairman for John McCain's 2000 presidential campaign
In the 2000 Republican Party presidential primaries, Thompson backed former Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander, who eventually succeeded Thompson in the Senate two years later. When Alexander dropped out, Thompson endorsed Senator John McCain's bid and became his national co-chairman. After George W. Bush won the primaries, both McCain and Thompson were considered as potential running mates.
Thompson had an 86.1% lifetime (1995–2002) American Conservative Union vote rating, compared to 89.3 for Bill Frist and 82.3 for John McCain. Senator Susan Collins (R-Maine) characterized her colleague this way: "I believe that Fred is a fearless senator. By that I mean he was never afraid to cast a vote or take a stand, regardless of the political consequences." Thompson was "on the short end of a couple of 99–1 votes", voting against those who wanted to federalize matters that he believed were properly left to state and local officials.
With Thompson's decision to campaign for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, his Senate record received some criticism from people who say he was "lazy" compared to other senators. Critics say that few of his proposals became law, and point to a 1998 quote: "I don't like spending 14- and 16-hour days voting on 'sense of the Senate' resolutions on irrelevant matters. There are some important things we really need to get on with—and on a daily basis, it's very frustrating." Defenders say he spent more time in preparation than other senators. Paul Noe, a former staffer, told The New York Times, "On the lazy charge, I have to chuckle because I was there sometimes until 1 in the morning working with the man."
Personal life during Senate tenure
In the years following his divorce[when?], Thompson had been romantically linked to country singer Lorrie Morgan, Republican fundraiser Georgette Mosbacher, future Counselor to the President Kellyanne Conway, and columnist Margaret Carlson.
In July 1996, Thompson began dating Jeri Kehn (born 1966) and the two married almost six years later on June 29, 2002. When Thompson was asked in a December 2007 Associated Press survey of the candidates to name his favorite possession, he replied, tongue-in-cheek, "trophy wife". The couple had two children together, a daughter Hayden born in 2003, and a son Samuel born in 2006.
On January 30, 2002, Thompson's daughter Elizabeth "Betsy" Thompson Panici died from a brain injury resulting from cardiac arrest after what was determined to be an accidental overdose of prescription drugs.
Initial post-Senate life and career
Thompson was not a candidate for reelection in 2002. He had previously stated that he was unwilling to make serving in the Senate a long-term career. While he announced in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks his intention to seek reelection (declaring, "now is not the time for me to leave"), upon further reflection, he decided against running for reelection. The decision seems to have been prompted in large part by the death of his daughter.
The only lobbying work Thompson did after leaving the Senate in 2003 was for the London-based reinsurance company Equitas Ltd. He was paid $760,000 between 2004 and 2006 to help prevent passage of legislation that Equitas said unfairly singled them out for unfavorable treatment regarding asbestos claims. Thompson's spokesman Mark Corrallo said that Thompson was proud to have been a lobbyist and believed in Equitas' cause.
Return to acting
As Thompson prepared to depart the Senate, he resumed his acting career. In 2002, during the final months of his Senate term, Thompson joined the cast of the NBC television series Law & Order, playing conservative District Attorney Arthur Branch, a role that he would ultimately portray for the next five years. Thompson began filming during the August 2002 Senate recess. He made occasional appearances in the same role on other TV shows, such as Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, Law & Order: Criminal Intent, and the pilot episode of Conviction. During these years, Thompson additionally appeared in Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World and Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee. Thompson, in 2007, again paused his acting career in order to pursue political options, this time stepping back from acting in order to accommodate a potential campaign for the presidency. On May 30, 2007, he asked to be released from the role, potentially in preparation for a presidential bid. Due to concerns about the equal-time rule, reruns featuring the Branch character were not shown on NBC while Thompson was a potential or actual presidential candidate, but TNT episodes were unaffected.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosis
Thompson was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), a form of cancer, in 2004. In 2007, Thompson stated, "I have had no illness from it, or even any symptoms. My life expectancy should not be affected. I am in remission, and it is very treatable with drugs if treatment is needed in the future—and with no debilitating side effects." Reportedly indolent, Thompson's NHL was the lowest of three grades of NHL, and was the rare nodal marginal zone lymphoma. It accounts for only 1–3% of all cases.
In March 2003, Thompson was featured in a commercial by the conservative nonprofit group Citizens United that advocated the invasion of Iraq, stating: "When people ask what has Saddam done to us, I ask, what had the 9/11 hijackers done to us -- before 9/11."
Thompson did voice-over work at the 2004 Republican National Convention. While narrating a video for that convention, Thompson observed: "History throws you what it throws you, and you never know what's coming."
After the retirement of Supreme Court Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor in 2005, President George W. Bush appointed Thompson to an informal position to help guide the nomination of John Roberts through the United States Senate confirmation process. Roberts' nomination as associate justice was eventually cancelled following the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist; he was renominated and subsequently confirmed as Chief Justice instead.
Until July 2007, Thompson was Chair of the International Security Advisory Board, a bipartisan advisory panel that reports to the Secretary of State and focuses on emerging strategic threats. In that capacity, he advised the State Department about all aspects of arms control, disarmament, international security, and related aspects of public diplomacy.
Legal defense for Lewis Libby
In 2006, he served on the advisory board of the legal defense fund for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby Jr., who was indicted and later convicted of lying to federal investigators during their investigation of the Plame affair. Thompson, who had never met Libby before volunteering for the advisory board, said he was convinced Libby was innocent. The Scooter Libby Legal Defense Fund Trust set out to raise more than $5 million to help finance the legal defense of Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff. Thompson hosted a fundraiser for the Libby defense fund at his home in McLean, Virginia. After Bush commuted Libby's sentence, Thompson released a statement: "I am very happy for Scooter Libby. I know that this is a great relief to him, his wife and children. This will allow a good American, who has done a lot for his country, to resume his life."
Work as a radio analyst
In 2006, he signed on with ABC News Radio to serve as senior analyst and vacation replacement for Paul Harvey. He used that platform to spell out his positions on a number of political issues. A July 3, 2007, update to Thompson's ABC News Radio home page referred to him as a "former ABC News Radio contributor", indicating that Thompson had been released from his contract with the broadcaster. He did not return after his campaign ended.
Work as a columnist
Thompson signed a deal with Salem Communications's Townhall.com to write for the organization's magazine, Townhall, from April 23, 2007, until August 21, 2007, and again from June 8, 2008, until November 17, 2008.
2008 presidential campaign
Thompson ran for the Republican nomination in the 2008 United States presidential election cycle. He ultimately won 11 delegates in the Republican primaries before dropping out of the race in January 2008.
On March 11, 2007, Thompson appeared on Fox News Sunday to discuss the possibility of a 2008 candidacy for the presidency. At the end of March, Thompson asked to be released from his television contract, potentially in preparation for a presidential bid. Thompson formed a presidential exploratory committee regarding his possible 2008 campaign for president on June 1, 2007, but unlike most candidate exploratory groups, Thompson's organized as a 527 group.
Thompson continued to be mentioned as a potential candidate, but did not officially declare his candidacy. On June 12, Thompson told Jay Leno on The Tonight Show that while he did not crave the presidency itself, he would like to do things that he could only do by holding that office. A New York Times article cited Thompson's aides as saying on July 18 that he planned to enter the race just after Labor Day, followed by a national announcement tour.
On September 5, 2007, Thompson made his candidacy official, announcing on The Tonight Show that "I'm running for president of the United States" and running an ad during a Republican presidential candidates' debate on Fox News. In both cases he pointed people to his campaign website to watch a 15-minute video detailing his platform. His campaign entrance was described as "lackluster" and "awkward" despite high expectations in anticipation of his joining the race. Fred Thompson was endorsed by the Virginia Society for Human Life and several other anti-abortion organizations.
On January 22, 2008, after attracting little support in the early primaries, Thompson confirmed he had withdrawn from the presidential race. In a statement issued by his campaign, Thompson said:
Today I have withdrawn my candidacy for President of the United States. I hope that my country and my party have benefited from our having made this effort. Jeri and I will always be grateful for the encouragement and friendship of so many wonderful people.
Thompson spoke at the 2008 Republican National Convention on September 2 in Minnesota, where he described in graphic detail presumptive Republican nominee John McCain's torture at the hands of the North Vietnamese during his imprisonment, and gave an endorsement of McCain for president.
Thompson signed an agreement to be represented as an actor by the William Morris Agency. In 2009, he returned to acting with a guest appearance on the ABC television series Life on Mars, and as William Jennings Bryan in the TV movie Alleged, based on the Scopes Monkey Trial. Thompson portrayed Frank Michael Thomas in the CBS series The Good Wife, based on himself. Thompson also had roles in Disney's Secretariat and the horror film Sinister. In 2014, he appeared in the film Persecuted, focusing on religious freedom, government surveillance, and censorship.
On March 2, 2009, he took over Westwood One's East Coast noon time slot, hosting the talk radio program The Fred Thompson Show, after Bill O'Reilly ended The Radio Factor. It was co-hosted for a time by his wife, Jeri. Thompson's final show for Westwood One was aired on January 21, 2011. Douglas Urbanski took Thompson's place in the Westwood One syndication lineup.
Work as an advertising spokesman
Death and funeral
On the morning of November 1, 2015, Thompson died at the age of 73 from a recurrence of his lymphoma. His funeral was held on November 6, 2015, in Nashville, Tennessee, with U.S. Senators John McCain and Lamar Alexander in attendance. He was interred at Mimosa Cemetery in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, that same day.
Thompson said that federalism was his "lodestar", which provides "a basis for a proper analysis of most issues: 'Is this something government should be doing? If so, at what level of government?'"
Thompson stated that "Roe v. Wade was bad law and bad medical science," and that judges should not be determining social policy. However, Thompson also stated the government should not criminally prosecute women who undergo early-term abortions.
Thompson did not support a federal ban on gay marriage, but would have supported a constitutional amendment to keep one state's recognition of such marriages from resulting in all states having to recognize them.
Thompson said citizens are entitled to keep and bear arms if they do not have criminal records, and the Gun Owners of America says that he voted pro-gun in 20 of 33 gun-related votes during his time in the Senate.
Thompson said that U.S. borders should be secured before considering comprehensive immigration reform, but he also supported a path to citizenship for illegal aliens saying, "You're going to have to, in some way, work out a deal where they can have some aspirations of citizenship, but not make it so easy that it's unfair to the people waiting in line and abiding by the law." Thompson supported the U.S. 2003 invasion of Iraq and was opposed to withdrawing troops, but believed that "mistakes have been made" since the invasion.
Thompson's acting roles were credited as Fred Dalton Thompson, unless otherwise noted.
|1985||Marie||Himself||debut, credited as Fred Thompson|
|1987||No Way Out||CIA Director Marshall|
|1989||Fat Man and Little Boy||Major General Melrose Hayden Barry|
|1990||The Hunt for Red October||Rear Admiral Joshua Painter|
|Days of Thunder||Big John|
|Die Hard 2||Ed Trudeau|
|1991||Flight of the Intruder||JAGC Captain at Court-Martial||Uncredited|
|Class Action||Dr. Getchell|
|Necessary Roughness||Carver Purcell|
|Cape Fear||Tom Broadbent|
|Curly Sue||Bernie Oxbar|
|1992||Aces: Iron Eagle III||Stockman|
|White Sands||Arms dealer||Uncredited|
|1993||Born Yesterday||Sen. Hedges|
|In the Line of Fire||White House Chief of Staff Harry Sargent|
|1994||Baby's Day Out||FBI Agent Dale Grissom|
|2005||Racing Stripes||Sir Trenton||Voice|
|Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World||Himself|
|2010||The Genesis Code||Judge Hardin|
|Secretariat||Arthur "Bull" Hancock|
|Alleged||William Jennings Bryan||credited as Sen. Fred Dalton Thompson|
|2012||The Last Ride||O'Keefe|
|2014||Persecuted||Fr. Charles Luther|
|23 Blast||Coach Powers|
|2015||A Larger Life||Robert Parker|
|90 Minutes in Heaven||Jay B. Perkins|
|2016||God's Not Dead 2||Senior Pastor||posthumous release, credited as Fred Thompson|
|1988||Wiseguy||Knox Pooley||3 episodes|
|Unholy Matrimony||Frank Sweeny||TV movie|
|1989||China Beach||Lt. Col. Reinhardt||1 episode|
|Roseanne||Keith Faber||1 episode|
|Matlock||Gordon Lewis||2 episodes|
|In the Heat of the Night||Tommy||Season 2 - Episode 18|
|1992||Bed of Lies||Richard 'Racehorse' Haynes||TV movie|
|Stay the Night||Det. Malone||TV movie|
|Day-O||Frank DeGeorgio||TV movie|
|Keep the Change||Otis||TV movie|
|1993||Matlock||Prosecutor McGonigal||1 episode|
|Barbarians at the Gate||James D. Robinson III||TV movie|
|2000||Sex and the City||Politician on TV||1 episode|
|2001||Rachel and Andrew Jackson: A Love Story||President Andrew Jackson||Voice, TV movie|
|2002–2007||Law & Order||D.A. Arthur Branch||116 episodes|
|2003–2006||Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||D.A. Arthur Branch||11 episodes|
|2004||Evel Knievel||Jay Sarno||TV movie|
|2005–2006||Law & Order: Trial by Jury||D.A. Arthur Branch||13 episodes|
|2005||Law & Order: Criminal Intent||D.A. Arthur Branch||1 episode|
|2006||Conviction||D.A. Arthur Branch||1 episode|
|2007||Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee||President Ulysses S. Grant||TV movie, credited as Fred Thompson|
|2009||Life on Mars||NYPD Chief Harry Woolf||1 episode|
|2010||Cars Toons||Big D (voice)||1 episode|
|2011–2012||The Good Wife||Frank Michael Thomas||2 episodes|
|2015||Allegiance||FBI Director||4 episodes|
- Thompson, Fred (2010). Teaching the Pig to Dance: A Memoir of Growing Up and Second Chances. Crown Forum. ISBN 978-0-30-746028-8.
|Republican||Fred Thompson (Incumbent)||1,091,554||61.37%||+0.93%|
|Independent||John Jay Hooker||14,401||0.81%|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
- "Fred Thompson, actor and presidential candidate, dies at age 73". Grasswire.com. November 1, 2015. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
- Humphrey, Tom (September 7, 2007). "Fred, Freddie — he's still F.D. Thompson: New details emerge on personal life of newly announced candidate". Knoxville News Sentinel. Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
- Mathews, Joe. “An in-law-made man”, Los Angeles Times (2007-09-06): "Thompson stopped using the name Freddie in his professional dealings and became Fred."
- American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Scholars & Fellows Archived December 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
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- "U.S. Department of State". Retrieved December 25, 2018.
- Bragg, Rick (November 12, 1994). "Grits and Glitter Campaign Helps Actor Who Played a Senator Become One". The New York Times. pp. Sec. 1, p. 10. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2007.
- Associated Press and Cameron, Carl. "Fred Thompson Quits 'Law & Order,' Moves Closer to 2008 White House Bid" Archived August 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Fox News (2007-05-31).
- Thompson, Fred (May 18, 2010). Teaching the Pig to Dance: A Memoir of Growing Up and Second Chances. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-307-46030-1.
- Fred Dalton Thompson Biography (1942-) via filmreference.com.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Fred Thompson". self-published, non-authoritative. Retrieved April 8, 2007.
- TV or Oval Office? U of M Grad Thompson Faces Decision
- "Fred Thompson: A big and joyous life (Opinion) - CNN.com". CNN. November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History" Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
- "Future president? Fred Thompson's church roots draw interest". The Christian Chronicle. April 1, 2007. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- Kim Chipman, "Thompson Says He's No Churchgoer, Won't Tout Religion on Stump", Bloomberg (2007-09-11).
- Brian Kaylor. "Reports Conflict About Fred Thompson's Church Membership, Attendance". Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
- Mathews, Joe (September 6, 2007). "Thompson wed his ambition". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 8, 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2007.: "In the summer of 1959 ... Lindsey told Thompson she was pregnant. He responded, friends say, by asking her to marry him ... Freddie and Sarah exchanged vows in a Methodist church during the second week of his senior year. Seven months later, in April 1960, 17-year-old Thompson had a son."
- "Fred Thompson chronology". The Tennessean. May 6, 2007.
- Cottle, Michelle (December 1, 1996). "Another Beltway Bubba?". Washington Monthly. Archived from the original on May 12, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2007.
- "About Fred" Archived July 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, via imwithfred.com (Official Site). Retrieved (2007-07-13).
- Kirkpatrick, David (July 2, 2007). "As Senator Rose, Lobbying Became Family Affair". The New York Times.
- Malcolm, Andrew (September 6, 2007). "Shocking truth about Fred Thompson revealed!". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
- Fred Thompson Hometown Biography Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Lawrenceburg Tennessee
- Fred Thompson for President in 2008
- Vogel, Kenneth. "Rivals Take Aim At Thompson", CBS News (2007-06-12). Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- Dilanian, Ken. Past as lobbyist may play into future as candidate, USA Today (2007-06-06).
- "Thompson cooperated with White House during Watergate". Associated Press. March 8, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007.
- Lowy, Joan (July 7, 2007). "Fred Thompson Aided Nixon on Watergate". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Cameron, Carl (March 8, 2007). "National TV Star, Former Republican Senator Fred Thompson Mulls '08 Presidential Bid". FoxNews. Archived from the original on June 18, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
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"Nix That". The Corner. August 17, 2007. Archived from the original on September 14, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
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Documentaries, topic pages and databases
- Fred Thompson at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (presidential campaign) at the Federal Election Commission
- OpenSecrets campaign contributions
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Archive of United States Senator Fred Dalton Thompson Congressional Website (From Internet Archive retrieved on 3 January 2007)
- Complete text and audio and video of Fred Thompson's GOP Presidential Candidacy Announcement AmericanRhetoric.com
- Complete text and audio and video of Fred Thompson's 2008 Republican National Convention Speech AmericanRhetoric.com
- Fred Dalton Thompson at IMDb
- "Fred Thompson". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
- Fred D. Thompson Papers Archived February 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, University of Tennessee Knoxville Libraries